Sampling the deep graveyard of Earth’s earliest crust

Journal Reference: Jonas Tusch, J. Elis Hoffmann, Eric Hasenstab, Mario Fischer-Gödde, Chris S. Marien, Allan H. Wilson, Carsten Münker. Long-term preservation of Hadean protocrust in Earth’s mantle. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2022; 119 (18) DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2120241119 This finding is unexpected because the plate tectonic regime of our planet progressively recycles crustal material … Read more

Engineers get under the skin of ionic skin

Journal Reference: Yuta Dobashi, Dickson Yao, Yael Petel, Tan Ngoc Nguyen, Mirza Saquib Sarwar, Yacine Thabet, Cliff L. W. Ng, Ettore Scabeni Glitz, Giao Tran Minh Nguyen, Cédric Plesse, Frédéric Vidal, Carl A. Michal, John D. W. Madden. Piezoionic mechanoreceptors: Force-induced current generation in hydrogels. Science, 2022; 376 (6592): 502 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaw1974 These hydrogels can … Read more

Seven hours of sleep is optimal in middle and old age, say researchers

Journal Reference: Yuzhu Li, Barbara J. Sahakian, Jujiao Kang, Christelle Langley, Wei Zhang, Chao Xie, Shitong Xiang, Jintai Yu, Wei Cheng, Jianfeng Feng. The brain structure and genetic mechanisms underlying the nonlinear association between sleep duration, cognition and mental health. Nature Aging, 2022; DOI: 10.1038/s43587-022-00210-2 Sleep plays an important role in enabling cognitive function and … Read more

Neuronal plasticity in chronic pain-induced anxiety revealed

Journal Reference: Naoki Yamauchi, Keiichiro Sato, Kenta Sato, Shunsaku Murakawa, Yumi Hamasaki, Hiroshi Nomura, Taiju Amano, Masabumi Minami. Chronic pain–induced neuronal plasticity in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis causes maladaptive anxiety. Science Advances, 2022; 8 (17) DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abj5586 Chronic pain is persistent and inescapable, and can lead to maladaptive emotional states. It is … Read more

Boys are more demanding than girls before they are born, according to scientists

Journal Reference: Esteban Salazar-Petres, Daniela Pereira-Carvalho, Jorge Lopez-Tello, Amanda Nancy Sferruzzi-Perri. Placental structure, function, and mitochondrial phenotype relate to fetal size in each fetal sex in mice. Biology of Reproduction, 2022; DOI: 10.1093/biolre/ioac056 Male baby pregnancies are more likely to result in complications, possibly because they grow faster in the womb and require more nutrients … Read more

How to balance economic development goals with environmental conservation

Journal Reference: Kendall R. Jones, Amrei von Hase, Hugo M. Costa, Hugo Rainey, Naseeba Sidat, Benjamin Jobson, Thomas B. White, Hedley S. Grantham. Spatial analysis to inform the mitigation hierarchy. Conservation Science and Practice, 2022; DOI: 10.1111/csp2.12686 The study shows how simple analyses using easily accessible biodiversity data can support application of the “mitigation hierarchy,” … Read more

Ionic liquid-based reservoir computing: The key to efficient and flexible edge computing

Journal Reference: Sang-Gyu Koh, Hisashi Shima, Yasuhisa Naitoh, Hiroyuki Akinaga, Kentaro Kinoshita. Reservoir computing with dielectric relaxation at an electrode–ionic liquid interface. Scientific Reports, 2022; 12 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-10152-9 Artificial Intelligence (AI) is fast becoming ubiquitous in the modern society and will feature a broader implementation in the coming years. In applications involving sensors and … Read more

Discovery of 30 exocomets in a young planetary system

Journal Reference: Alain Lecavelier des Etangs, Lucie Cros, Guillaume Hébrard, Eder Martioli, Marc Duquesnoy, Matthew A. Kenworthy, Flavien Kiefer, Sylvestre Lacour, Anne-Marie Lagrange, Nadège Meunier, Alfred Vidal-Madjar. Exocomets size distribution in the β Pictoris planetary system. Scientific Reports, 2022; 12 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-09021-2 Now, an international research team headed by Alain Lecavelier des Etangs, CNRS … Read more

Hype up fitness to support youngsters’ health post-lockdowns, experts urge

Journal Reference: Laura Basterfield, Naomi L Burn, Brook Galna, Hannah Batten, Louis Goffe, Guoda Karoblyte, Matt Lawn, Kathryn L Weston. Changes in children’s physical fitness, BMI and health-related quality of life after the first 2020 COVID-19 lockdown in England: A longitudinal study. Journal of Sports Sciences, 2022; 40 (10): 1088 DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2022.2047504 Conducted by Newcastle … Read more

Plastic-eating enzyme could eliminate billions of tons of landfill waste

Journal Reference: Hongyuan Lu, Daniel J. Diaz, Natalie J. Czarnecki, Congzhi Zhu, Wantae Kim, Raghav Shroff, Daniel J. Acosta, Bradley R. Alexander, Hannah O. Cole, Yan Zhang, Nathaniel A. Lynd, Andrew D. Ellington, Hal S. Alper. Machine learning-aided engineering of hydrolases for PET depolymerization. Nature, 2022; 604 (7907): 662 DOI: 10.1038/s41586-022-04599-z This discovery, published today … Read more