Emperor Charles V and Spanish cinema, comuneros

Of the emperor’s trajectory Carlos v The topic that has aroused the most interest in Spanish cinema has been that of the commune revolt, perhaps due to the continuity of the commune myth that has been deeply rooted in Spain. The most classic Spanish film about Carlos V has the villagers as its protagonists. I mean The lioness of Castile (1951), directed by Juan de Orduña, which focuses on the character of Maria Pacheco, the wife of Juan de Padilla, interpreted by Rivelles Support. From Juan de Padilla father made Antonio Casas and of Padilla son, Rafael Romero Walk. The film was an adaptation of the play by Francisco de Villaespesa (1914). The introductory voice-over said: “Faced with the ambition of the Hispanic César, the strict criteria of the commoners were raised, by which the world ended up in its Castilian wheat fields, in its fueros and its privileges. This is a sad story, like all those that rebellion forged ”. The message was clearly supported by the thesis on the Communities of Ganivet or Marañón. After the work of Pérez or Maravall this vision would be untenable.

The contradiction, in any case, is present in the film because the Franco regime needed to gloss the Empire, but at the same time, underscoring the virtues of Spanish patriotism. As always, a palace intrigue emerges with an alleged traitor who spreads María Pacheco’s alleged infidelity towards her husband. The resistance of the Pacheco would be motivated more than by the continuity of the comunera rebellion, to defend their battered honor, for the attributions that were made of love relationships with the duke of Medina Sidonia.

The festival of Castilla y León

Parallel in time, Agustin Macasoli directed a short titled Evocation of Charles V. We had to wait for Franco’s death to see the telefilm The commoners (1978), directed by Jose Antonio Paramo, from a script by Ana Diosdado and that had as protagonists Juan Diego, like Padilla, to Nicolas Dueñas as Bravo and Joaquin Hinojosa as Maldonado, with Lola herrera like Juana la Loca. Of the community members, in this film Padilla is the one who, at all times, wishes to dialogue with the King. “There are things more important than honor. What I say is fair and you should hear me say ”. The approach was very different from that of the Franco regime and the ideological and moral revaluation of the commoners was clear, although the Emperor is not, at any time, reviled. In 1978 it was filmed Villas 78, which premiered in 1980 and was an exaltation of the commoners in a context in which It was politically interested in turning Villalar into the reference party of the Junta de Castilla y León.

Image of the TVE series: ‘Carlos, Rey Emperador’ / TVE

The last cinematographic approach to the history of the commoners took place in 1998 with the short of Felix lamb. Curiously, the Germanías have never evoked cinematic memory.

The last voyage of Charles V

Beyond the commoners, the reign of Carlos V what has most interested Spanish cinema has been the character of Don Juan de Austria, son of Carlos V. The movie Jeromen (1953) by Luis Lucia put in images the novelistic story of Father Coloma. Jaime blanch was the young Juan of Austria, while Jesus Tordesillas did Carlos V and Adolfo Marsillach of Philip II.

Outside of Spain, Carlos V has been a character that German cinema has been very interested, which has devoted many films since 1927 to the subject of the relations between Charles V and Luther. The last one was Luther produced in 2003 and which focuses its attention on the Diet of Worms, with the confrontation between Luther and Charles V.

Image from the series 'Carlos V: The Emperor's Paths' / AUDIOVISUAL PANORAMA

Image from the series ‘Carlos V: The Emperor’s Paths’ / AUDIOVISUAL PANORAMA

Numerous European TV series They have touched Carlos V, for example, The Tudors (2007). Already entering Spanish television, after the success of the series Isabel (2012-2014) the series was addressed Carlos, King Emperor (2015-2016) of seventeen chapters with little success. The series covers the entire reign and was directed by various directors, including Oriol Ferrer and Salvador García Ruiz. The actor who played Carlos V was Alvaro Cervantes.

In 2019, TVE produced the documentary The ways of the Emperor, with five episodes that focused on the last trip of Carlos V to his retirement in Yuste. The series that premiered in 2 was directed by Juan Frutos and its main actor was Mario Zorrilla.

Finally, I want to refer to the series produced in Holland recently and which is entitled Emperor, directed by Lee Tamahori and interpreted by Adrien Brody and Paz Vega and that focuses on Carlos V as the villain of the film as a patient subject of the desire for revenge of a young man because the Emperor killed his father. The series was shot in 2016 and has had a lot of problems for its exhibition. Certainly, the King-Emperor has not had much film fortune.

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Emperor Charles V and Spanish cinema, comuneros