July 24, 2021

Everything you need to know about websites and social networks

Websites are part of our daily life but ultimately what is their origin, who are their founders? Back to the stories

Google :

American technology services company founded in 1998 in Silicon Valley, California, by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, creators of the Google search engine. Edward Kasner, American mathematician, coined the term “googol” (“gogol” in French) to designate a “number 10 raised to the power of 100 (10 followed by 100 zeros)”.

professional online social network created in 2002 in Mountain View, California by Amaury Theinart, Allen Blue, Konstantin Guericke, Eric Ly. The name Linkedin comes from the contraction of 2 English language words: “Linked” and “In” which mean “Linked in” or “Linked within”.
“Linkedin” that is to say “be part of the network”. On June 13, 2016, Microsoft bought this social network for an amount of 26.2 billion US dollars or 23.4 billion euros.

founded in 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg and his friends at Harvard University, Chris Hughes, Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum and Dustin Moskovitz was originally reserved for students at their university but then moved to other American universities before becoming accessible to all in September 2006. Its name comes from photo albums (“trombinoscopes” or “facebooks” in English) grouping the photos of the faces of all the students taken at the beginning of the university year.

Internet :

On September 2, 1969, Professor Len Kleinrock from UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) and his team including two students, Stephen Crocker and Vinton Cerf, exchanged data between two large computers linked by a 4.5 meter cable. This first attempt is generally regarded as the founding event of Arpanet (Advanced Research Projects Agency NETwork), January 1, 1983, and the origin of the Internet a few years later. In 1991, CERN (European Center for Nuclear Research) offered the world the HTTP protocol and the Web, which became accessible to all. Its name is derived from the word “International” and the word “Network”: “Internet of networks”.

Firefox :

is a free, open-source web browser developed and distributed by the Mozilla Foundation with the help of thousands of volunteers through Free / Open Source Software Development Methods and Free Source Code. It has been managed since 2003 by the Mozilla Foundation. This one created in 2005 the company employing all the employees of the foundation, the Mozilla Corporation, and registered the Mozilla trademark in 2006. The company which was created in 1994 was then called Netscape. Then produced a logo that represented a phoenix rising from its flames, but since they had to quickly change their name, they chose the still little-known animal the red panda.

is an application, a social network and a photo and video sharing service founded and launched in October 2010 by the American Kevin Systrom and the Brazilian Michel Mike Krieger. Since 2012, the application belongs to Facebook, it is available on mobile platforms such as IOS, Android and Windows Phone and also on computers with reduced functionality. The name Instagram is a portmanteau word constructed from Insta from the English Instant camera and gram from the English word telegram.

Microsoft Outlook (officially Microsoft Office Outlook):

is a personal information manager and proprietary email client published by Microsoft. This computer software is part of the Microsoft Office office suite. in the Microsoft 365 subscription. The name Microsoft comes from two English words, microcomputer and software. Initially, the company wrote its name with a hyphen,

Yahoo :

is an American web service company founded in 1994, owned since 2017 by Verizon Media. Its head office is located in Sunnyvale, California.
Originally, Yahoo! was only a web directory, created by David Filo and Jerry Yang at Stanford University in January 1994, then the company was founded in March 1995.
Its creators had to choose a project name starting with a “Y” to fit in the nomenclature of computer projects at Stanford University, and they claim to have chosen the name because of the “Yahoos”, creatures of Gulliver’s Travels. Jonathan Swift.

is a microblogging social network managed by the company Twitter Inc. It allows a user to send free short messages, called tweets, over the internet, by instant messaging or by SMS. These messages are limited to 280 characters (140 characters until November 2017). Twitter was created on March 21, 2006 by Jack Dorsey, Evan Williams, Biz Stone, and Noah Glass. The online service quickly became popular. It was Noah Glass who found the name by flipping through the pages of a dictionary. “Twist, twit, twitch, twitcher, twitchy”… and Bingo! “The light song emitted by some birds”, “excitement, agitation”: Twitter.