July 29, 2021

[Grand format] JCB: 75 years at the service of innovation


[Grand format] JCB: 75 years at the service of innovation | Large format











This year, the British manufacturer is celebrating its diamond wedding anniversary. Indeed, on October 23, 1945, Joseph Cyril Bamford created in a small garage in Uttoxetter, England, a company that would become the world’s third largest manufacturer of equipment. Take a look back at these 75 years of history, innovation and marketing.

It was in this small garage in Uttoxeter in Stafforshire (UK) that the history of JCB began 75 years ago.

Joseph Cyril Bamford, founder and creator of JCB.

The original idea was to use wartime scrap metal to make a dump trailer that now stands proudly in the lobby of JCB’s world headquarters.

It was in 1953 that the JCB legend was born with the invention of the first backhoe loader: the Mk1. In 1963, JCB launched the JCB 3C then the JCB 4C, the first model exported to the USA. Niche initially, the backhoe loader, or the good old backhoe loader, will become a real segment of equipment in its own right. Since that day, JCB has produced 600,000 units on three different continents.

JCB spreads across the world and in 1970 set up its first site across the Atlantic in Whitemarsh. Two years later, JCB France opens its doors in France.

Joseph Cyril Bamford announced his retirement in 1975 and gave way to his son Anthony Bamford, now Lord Bamford. At that time, the group’s turnover reached 40 million pounds sterling.

JCB broadens its scope with the launch of the Fastrac, the first full-suspension high-speed tractor. A model which cost £ 12 million to develop.

In 2004, after 60 years of history, JCB exceeded 500,000 units produced worldwide.

In 2016, the British manufacturer celebrated the production of the 200,000th telescopic, of which 1/3 sold during the last decade. In that same year, JCB also produced 100,000 mini excavators while celebrating 25 years of the Hydradig.

It was not long ago: JCB was entering the niche of electric mini-excavators with the 19C-1E and opening a new path to alternative energies in the equipment segment. JCB is also venturing on electric transporters (E-Dumpster) and is also considering a hydrogen-powered excavator.

Tanguy Merrien – 28/10/2020
Texts, photos and videos: all Cayola Group credits (unless otherwise stated)