It is true, women are still very little represented in political life, in the media; they remain paid less than men for equivalent work and it is they who assume the vast majority of domestic tasks. And yet … Here are some numbers to see how women are doing / doing better / being the best. Enough to brighten up International Women’s Day, Saturday March 8.
of women have graduated from higher education. For 25 years, the level of training has increased in France, in particular that of girls. In 1984, only 19% of men and 20% of women who entered the workforce for less than six years had a higher education qualification. In 2008, they were 51% of women, against 37% of men, according to figures from INSEE.
This growing female success in training promotes their professional integration. Higher education graduates are relatively protected from unemployment during their first six years of working life, unlike young people without a diploma (respectively 7% and 37% unemployment rate in 2008).
of women on the boards of directors of the CAC 40. Since the Copé-Zimmerman law, passed in July 2011, listed French groups and companies with a turnover of at least 50 million euros and employing more than 500 employees must have 20% of women on their board of directors. by 2014 and 40% by 2017, on pain of financial penalties. As of June 25, 28% of the directors elected in the CAC 40 companies were already women, the groups are therefore ahead of the target. They were only 10.7% in 2009.
increase in the number of women billionaires. According to the annual ranking of the American magazine Forbes, which lists the world’s largest fortunes, only 10% are women. However, their number is increasing markedly. They are 25% more between 2012 and 2013 – from 138 to 172 among the 1,645 billionaires in dollars in the ranking.
Among the 268 newcomers who reached the famous list this year, there are 42 women. One downside: only five are self-made women, all the others have inherited their wealth from their parents or husbands.
We can also note that the richest woman in the world is no longer Liliane Bettencourt, but the American Christy Walton, 30 years younger. The fortune of the widow of John T. Walton, heir to the founder of the supermarket chain Wallmart, is estimated at 36.7 billion dollars and places it in ninth place in the ranking.
women ministers in government. The government of Jean-Marc Ayrault, composed following the election of François Hollande to the presidency in May 2012, has 34 ministers, including 17 women. It is the first government in which parity is respected, almost 70 years after obtaining the right to vote for women in France.
Among the five royal ministers, a woman, Christiane Taubira, to justice. After the reshuffle of June 2012, there were even more women in full ministry than men (eleven against nine). Since then, the balance sheet has increased to 17 women among the 38 members of the government.
minutes per day dedicated to household chores by French man. Casually, and even if they still participate much less than women in domestic tasks, French men are relatively small champions. They narrowly miss the podium in the ranking of men’s domestic work among the 36 member countries of the OECD. They spend an average of 98 minutes on unpaid household chores per day. This time includes cooking, cleaning and babysitting. In front of the French, the Slovenes (114 minutes), the Danes (104 minutes) and the Estonians. In any case, the French are already 25 minutes above the OECD average, according to data cited by the Quartz news site. But the Swedes in all this? They are way behind, with just 79 minutes a day.
foix fewer accidents in the car. According to road safety figures published in 2012 by the Ministry of the Interior, only 25% of road fatalities are women. And even if they drive more, “In relation to the mileage traveled, the risk for a male driver is twice that of a female driver”. Other good news, according to the blog Interconnection is no longer guaranteed: “Men are starting to imitate the caution of women.”
French women are the Europeans who have the fewest complexes. According to a survey by The European Infidelity Observatory, nearly one in three women (32%) admit to having been unfaithful in her lifetime. However, they are still less likely than men to be unfaithful (55%). Astonishing data: it seems that European women suffer less guilt after an extramarital affair than men, with the exception of the British. Among these uninhibited Europeans, the French are those who best assume their infidelities. Almost 4 in 5 do not regret having cheated on their spouse (past or present).
points less in the gender pay gap. According to INSEE data published in December 2012, the wage income gap between men and women was 16.3% for men in 2010 (focusing on 25-55 year olds to avoid complex situations of beginning and end of career). The gap has therefore narrowed by 3.2 points in less than ten years. It’s improving, slowly. If the decline in the gap continues at the same pace, within less than fifty years one could dream that this gap would be closed. We hope a little before.
We note in passing that the difference in the average full-time equivalent salary (EQTP) between men and women was 19.1% in 2010 for employees in the private sector and public enterprises and 13.9% in the public service. of state.
Finally, if we compare the French situation with that of European neighbors, French women are relatively better off. The pay gap between men and women, according to the hourly wage rate (preferred criterion in European comparisons), is estimated at 16% in France against 16.4% for the EU 27, 19.5% in the United Kingdom. United, and even 23.1% in Germany.