Their total fortune is equivalent to that of half of humanity. They are only 85. Who is behind this shock figure brandished by the NGO Oxfam at the opening of the World Economic Forum to denounce wealth inequalities in the world?
>> The richest 85 in the world own as much as the poorest 3.5 billion
From the list drawn up by Forbes magazine of the world’s top 85 fortunes, the Guardian offers on its website an interactive infographic with a map that identifies these billionaires.
Map showing the countries of origin of the 85 richest people in the world (source: The Guardian)
Very few women
Among the names of the personalities listed – often with the rest of their families – there are only 9 women. The richest is a Frenchwoman, it is Liliane Bettencourt. The list also includes among its female members Christy Walton, the wealthiest representative of the clan that runs retail giant Walmart. The Australian Georgina Rinehart who, like Liliane Bettencourt, experienced legal setbacks with her heirs is also part of the club.
>> Gina Rinehart, multi-billionaire and unworthy mother
Not so young
The heir to L’Oréal is also one of the oldest of the “85” with the American Anne Cox Chambers, at the head of a holding company holding media companies (94 years old). An advanced age is also the other characteristic of this “club”. Half of the personalities listed are over 69 years old. The youngest, Facebook boss Mark Zuckerberg, is 29 years old.
He is present alongside other fortunes made thanks to the rise of the web and new technologies: Jeff Bezos (Amazon), Michael Dell (Dell), Sergey Brin and Larry Page (Google), Lee Kun-Hee (Samsung) , Larry Ellison (Oracle) or even Bill Gates, Paul Allen and Steve Ballmer, who owe their fortune to the success of Microsoft.
This list finally includes three other French: Bernard Arnault, François Pinault and Serge Dassault. As for the top three, it is made up of Carlos Slim, the Mexican telecoms mogul with an estimated fortune of $ 73 billion, Bill Gates ($ 67 billion) and Amancio Ortega, the boss of Inditex. (Zara) which owns $ 57 billion. Between them, they have more than the GDP of the Czech Republic in 2012 …