August 3, 2021

The Da Vinci Robot at MUSME in Padua

The most advanced robotic system for minimally invasive surgery, to be seen and tested, in total safety, at the Museum of the History of Medicine in Padua, the Museum where it is forbidden to NOT touch

The Da Vinci is the most advanced robotic system in the world for minimally invasive surgery, named in honor of Leonardo’s studies on human anatomy and considered at the basis of the design of the first known android in the history of science. In this case, the surgeon does not operate with his own hands, but maneuvers a robot from a distance, remaining seated at a console located inside the operating room. The computerized system transforms the movement of the hands into impulses that are conveyed to the robotic arms. Its technical characteristics make it usable in various sectors, from urology to gynecology, from thoracic surgery to general surgery.

From 31 October to 31 January 2021, it will be possible to see, touch and test this extraordinary and sophisticated robot at the Museum of the History of Medicine in Padua, thanks to the collaboration with the Italian company ab medica, leader in the production and distribution of medical technologies, as well as a reference point for surgical robotics. In a room dedicated to the third floor, specific instruments are exhibited, including a needle holder, various types of surgical forceps, an arm of the first Da Vinci robot from 1999, a cardiac stabilizer, and some books. The exhibition is, in fact, designed to tell the evolution of this system from 1999, the year the first robot was designed, to 2014, when the last model (the Da Vinci Xi) was created, presented at the museum. Inside this space, it is possible to physically try on the Da Vinci Xi robot, sitting directly at the operating console, where the visitor can take on the role of the surgeon. Access to the exhibition hall is allowed on Saturdays and Sundays, opening days of the museum, from 3 to 6 pm, and takes place only by reservation and under the supervision of the museum staff, to ensure maximum safety and full compliance with the rules. health services in progress (www.musme.it).

Once seated at the console, the visitor is literally “immersed”, without the aid of glasses or other equipment, inside a 3D monitor. Through their hands connected to two manipulators, which function as two “joysticks” in a sort of video-game, and two pedals, can maneuver the robotic arms and simulate the surgeon’s gestures. The built-in screen offers very high quality image viewing and the ability to zoom and enlarge up to 10 times.

The types of tests and experiments are customizable for each type of audience, according to the different skills. We go from the simplest and most fun level for younger children, which consists in inserting some rings in cones of the same color, to the more advanced level that challenges the aspiring surgeon to make a suture with a needle on a sponge, to that even more complex for the more experienced to make a suture directly on the organs of a potential patient.
Next to the operating console, a monitor allows the other visitors present in the room to see every move of the aspiring surgeon and find out what happens within this system..

The exhibition gives the opportunity to get to know and experience live one of the Italian excellence of robotics destined for surgery, thanks to which thousands of lives are saved today, perfectly fitting into the philosophy of MUSME; that is, to generate learning and knowledge processes, stimulating curiosity and direct experience. Because it is possible to learn while having fun at all ages!

The evolution of modern robotic surgery is linked to the studies of NASA, the American aerospace agency, in association with the Pentagon. Primarily designed for military purposes, the initial project was to allow a surgeon to operate remotely, in an operating room close to the battlefield, by transmitting his movements to a system of mechanical arms.
These patents were acquired by two private companies that developed them independently for clinical application in the civil field. Since its introduction in Italy, thanks to ab medica, in 1999, procedures performed using robots have been constantly increasing: in 2019, 23,810 Da Vinci robotic surgeries were performed. It is urology that continues to hold the primacy among the specialties, followed by general surgery (16%), gynecology (7%), thoracic surgery (4%) and ENT (2%).

In Veneto, clinical activity in robotic surgery began in 2001. From 2001 to 2019, about 15,650 patients were treated with the Da Vinci system; of these, 21.5% were operated on at the Padua hospital. Veneto has fourteen latest generation Da Vinci systems installed in the major surgical centers. The professionals of the Padua hospital have access to two robotic platforms, dedicated to urology, thoracic surgery, liver surgery, general and transplant surgery and otolaryngology.
The system, performing autonomously over a million safety checks per second, offers maximum reliability during operation. Audio video feedback keeps surgeons and medical personnel informed about the system status and the patient’s health status. A large touch-screen screen offers the possibility of drawing freehand drawings on the projection of the operating field, facilitating communication between the operating room staff.

Opening time
From Saturday 31 October 2020 to Sunday 31 January 2021

Saturday and Sunday, 9.30-19 (last admission, 6.15pm)

For more information:

MUSME
Via San Francesco 94, Padua
www.musme.it

info@musme.it
049 658767

MUSME Press Office
Civita Tre Venezie
Giovanna Ambrosano ambrosano@civitatrevenezie.it; 338.4546387
Angela Bigi bigi@civitatrevenezie.it; 348.9046537

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