It is the ability to develop equations, solve calculations and solve abstract problems. Its manifestation is one of what people consider “traditional intelligence” – especially at school. She is typical of someone who has good accounts, logic and strategy.
- Hobbies indicated: puzzle, chess, video game, computers, unravel mysteries.
- Recommended careers: science, computing, law, engineering, math, medicine.
- Geniuses of this type: Albert Einstein, Isaac Newton, Stephen Hawkin, Mark Zuckerberg.
Some people find it very easy to deal with words. They have a kind of intelligence that allows them to analyze information and develop written and oral language products, such as speeches and books, always finding the best way to communicate great ideas. It is highly requested (and appreciated) at school, as most tests and exercises are for written.
- Hobbies indicated: telling stories, writing texts, declaiming poetry, doing word games, reading, playing RPG.
- Recommended careers: publishing, education, journalism, literature, translation.
- Geniuses of this type: Cecília Meirelles, Gabriel García Marquez, William Shakespeare, Tom Wolfe.
The name already delivers: it is the one that allows a person to produce, remember and establish meaning in different sound patterns. Musical sensitivity is manifested by listening, singing, composing and playing instruments.
- Hobbies indicated: whistling, singing, rhyming, composing, participating in a choir, listening to music, playing instruments.
- Recommended careers: singing, composition, music criticism, music direction, DJ, music education, sound engineering for films and plays.
- Geniuses of this type: Ludwig van Beethoven, Tom Jobim, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Typical of those who have a strong connection to nature and an unusual ability to identify and distinguish animals, plants, climatic formations and other elements of the natural world. At school, those who have this intelligence out and about do well in biology and geography.
- Hobbies indicated: taking care of plants and gardens, hiking and walking in nature, walking the dog.
- Recommended careers: biology, ecology, geology, medicine, veterinary medicine, meteorology.
- Geniuses of this type: Charles Darwin, Alexander von Humboldt, Aziz Ab’Saber, Chico Mendes.
It is the ability to use one’s body (and its movements) to solve problems or create products. It is the most requested, for example, in soccer stars, gymnasts, dancers and artists in general.
- Hobbies indicated: sports, dance, magic, theater, mime, juggling, massage.
- Recommended careers: choreography, dance, dramatic arts, visual arts, physical education, sports.
- Geniuses of this type: Lionel Messi, Marta, Meryl Streep, Michael Phelps.
There are people who don’t know how to orient themselves on a map, can’t estimate measurements and aren’t able to put together a good look. For on the other hand, masters of this intelligence have an extra ability to recognize space and think in terms of colors, shapes and measurements, manipulating both large and small images.
- Hobbies indicated: aeromodelling, crafts, drawing, photography, painting, sculpture.
- Recommended careers: architecture, fine arts, aviation, industrial design, interior design, graphic design, engineering.
- Geniuses of this type: Coco Chanel, Oscar Niemeyer, Pablo Picasso, Santos Dumont.
you know that your friend who is the best shoulder when you need to cry? Who easily understands everything you are feeling, knows how to comfort you and how to propose solutions to problems? He is well developed in that kind of intelligence: one that recognizes and works on the desires and moods of others. It is useful when studying in a group, for example, or managing a team.
- Hobbies indicated: volunteer work, group sports, conversations.
- Recommended careers: journalism, marketing, politics, psychology, human resources, public relations, theology, sales.
- Geniuses of this type: Winston Churchill, Mahatma Gandhi, Marília Gabriela, Pope Francis.
It is the inverse of the interpersonal: the individual uses intelligence to know himself. They are people with a great degree of autonomy, capable of recognizing their own intentions, motivations and opinions. This self-analysis can put them in a good position to reflect on the human condition, either for through philosophical texts, either for through great novels.
- Hobbies indicated: write a diary, meditate, plan your life goals.
- Recommended careers: philosophy, literature, psychology, theology.
- Geniuses of this type: Ernest Hemingway, Machado de Assis, Friedrich Nietzsche, Simone de Beauvoir.
How do I identify mine?
Self-analysis can give some clues about the your potential
There is no standardized test to detect the predominant intelligence of an individual. This would go against the Multiple Intelligences Theory itself: if it is multiple, you cannot measure it on a single scale, like the IQ exam. It would be necessary to develop performance evaluations and parameters for each. Furthermore, Gardner emphasizes that “intelligences should be mobilized to help individuals learn, not as a way to categorize them.”
TOUCH OF MIDAS
Gardner doesn’t believe in tests, but some followers of Multiple Intelligences Theory have tried to systematize them (and turn them into a way to make money). The most famous is Midas, created by consultant Branton Shearer, which can be used as a vocational test. Gardner himself acknowledges that he does measure skills in certain areas – but not all. And it still depends on the person knowing oneself well (ie, having high interpersonal intelligence!)
A PAUSE TO THINK
Tests may not accurately measure one’s capabilities, but a little self-reflection doesn’t hurt anyone. Think about the questions below and compare with the descriptions of the eight types of intelligence to see which one has the most to do with you:
- What types of activities attract your attention the most? And which one is it your level of aptitude for them?
- What subjects at school do you do best in?
- What methods and tools do you use to express yourself or solve problems?
- When you memorize a scene, what about it catches your attention the most?
- What career do you think about following?
SOURCES Sites American Psychological Association, BBC, Britannica, Edutopia, Howard Gardner, Independent, Multiple Intelligences Research and Consulting Inc., New City School, Sustainable planet, Project Zero – Graduate School of Education e Harvard University; book The Psychology of Intelligence, by Jean Piaget; and magazines Wellcome, NEW SCHOOL and SUPER INTERESTING
CONSULTANCY Ana Paula Porto Noronha, professor of the stricto sensu graduate program in psychology at the University of São Francisco (SP), José Aparecido da Silva, professor of psychobiology at the Faculty of Philosophy, Sciences and Letters of USP, and Rogerio Panizzutti, psychiatrist, neuroscientist and professor at UFRJ