Among the subjects left in suspense by the health crisis, the pension reform divides the entourage of Emmanuel Macron, both on its form and on the calendar. While the social accounts have been considerably burdened by the Covid-19, part of the majority pleads for an increase in the retirement age, a measure that could be taken as soon as the next budget is voted in the fall, before the next presidential election.
This is particularly the case of the Minister of the Economy, Bruno Le Maire, who said Tuesday June 29 in favor of the government raising the retirement age. “It is in the interests of the French and in the interests of France that everyone, globally, that our country, works more”, he told CNews. He refused to specify what could be the future age of departure, while according to the daily The echoes, Monday, some in the executive would push to bring it to 64 years, against 62 years today. On the timetable for such a reform, “There is only the President of the Republic who can assess this”, insisted Mr. Le Maire, adding all the same: “Me, my experience is that it is never in politics to put off until tomorrow what we can do today. “
The Prime Minister has shown himself to be more cautious. “You have to do it, but you also have to choose the right time”, summed up Jean Castex at Figaro, while affirming that “It will not be[it] not the same “ than that launched by his predecessor, Edouard Philippe. “There, there is a good atmosphere, the clubs want to invest, the people to work, to go on vacation, to relive. We have to let this dynamic flourish, we can’t do that now ”, abounds a relative of the president.
Olivier Faure fears “a crass injustice”
Pushing back the retirement age to 64 within one year of the presidential election would be “Without any negotiation of pure madness” and “A crass injustice”, worried Tuesday the first secretary of the Socialist Party, Olivier Faure. “I would vote against, against absolutely! “, he insisted on LCI, asked about its position if such a measure should be included in the Social Security budget for 2022, voted in the fall. And if a protest broke out in the streets, “Of course, I would encourage it and I would participate”, he added.
Raising the starting age to 64 for all amounts to “Prolong the inequalities of life, including in retirement”, while it is necessary to take into account ” life expectancy “, the “Very different arduousness” depending on the profession, he argued.
For the moment, Emmanuel Macron is preparing for the post-crisis period, with an emphasis on recovery and attractiveness. “The country being at a turning point, the President of the Republic will speak (…) during the month of July (…) on the course which will bring us in the next ten months until the presidential election”, said government spokesman Gabriel Attal on FranceInfo. In a tight parliamentary calendar, Mr. Macron has little room for a major bill. Progress on the management of dependence, signals aimed at young people such as the extension of “Youth guarantee” are expected, while the executive also seeks to occupy the security ground.
Pension reform, the return
By evoking the postponement of the minimum retirement age, the government has reopened the controversial file put aside during the pandemic. Without the debate being settled.
- “We plead for the adaptation of the retirement system to the increase in life expectancy”, by Olivier Blanchard, professor emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and researcher at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, and Jean Tirole, Nobel Prize winner economics 2014, honorary president of the Toulouse School of Economics and founding member of the Toulouse Institute of Advanced Studies
- “It would be sheer madness to push back the retirement age for“ second line ”workers”, by François Desriaux, editor-in-chief of the mutualist magazine “Santé & Travail”
- “The solution to the problem of financing pensions is through an increase in the employment rate of seniors”, by Bruno Palier, CNRS research director at Sciences Po
- “The reflection on pensions should rather be directed towards the means of improving wages”, by Christiane Marty, member of the Copernic Foundation and of the scientific council of Attac