Around the celebration of International Jazz Day, this Friday, April 30, it is appropriate to meet some of the best jazz players in the world.
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The virtues of jazz have been recognized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), by distinguishing it as an engine for unity, dialogue and cooperation among peoples, therefore in 2011 , the entity established that every April 30 would be the ideal date to pay tribute to the musical genre.
In this sense, more than 190 countries organize activities that annually exalt this type of legendary and particular music. This year, due to the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, International Jazz Day continues to be celebrated in a context of social confinement, in order to contain infections of the new coronavirus.
On this day we present 10 outstanding representatives of jazz in the world, in honor of that style of music considered “a tool for building inclusive societies”, according to UNESCO.
1- Duke Ellington
One of the legends of jazz worldwide was the pianist, composer and conductor, Edward Kennedy Ellington, (1899-1975), originally from Whashington DC, United States (USA), who stood out with more than two thousand musical pieces that included the genre, among which the influential Jeeps Blues stands out.
2- Thelonious Monk
Thelonious Sphere Monk (1917-1982), a native of North Carolina (USA), was the pianist and composer of more than thirty record productions, which transcended the musical style that is celebrated on this day.
3- Charlie Parker
The saxophonist and jazz composer Charlie Christopher Parker (1920-1955), born in Kansas City (USA), made more than 60 compositions and more than one hundred records, which led him to be recognized internationally as one of the best players of the alto saxophone.
4- Charles Migus
Originally from Arizona (USA), Charles Migus (1922-1979), was a double bass player, pianist and composer, activist against racism. He made more than 20 record productions that enhance jazz worldwide.
5- Ella Fitzgerald
Known as “The First Lady of Song”, Ella Jane Fitzgerald (1917-1996) was born in Newport (USA). He made his debut at the age of 16 at the Harlem Apollo Theater in New York, was a member of the band Chick Webb, made dozens of record productions and recorded with artists such as Louis Armstrong, Count Basie and Duke Ellington, among others.
6- Nina Simone
Born in North Carolina (USA), Eunice Kathleen Waymon, better known as Nina Simone (1933-2003), was a famous jazz, blues rhythm and blues and soul singer, songwriter and pianist; He defended the rights of the black population and after the assassination of Martin Luther King, he left the North American nation to move to Europe.
7- Miles Davis
The jazz trumpeter and composer, Miles Dewey Davis III (1926-1991), born in the American city of Alton, began his musical career at the age of 12, later he participated in the local group Eddie Randle’s Blue Devils, and stood out in the genre using a steel mute that modified the tones of the trumpet.
8- Billie Holiday
Remembered as Billie Holiday or Lady Day, this singer considered one of the best female voices in jazz, really called Eleonora Fagan Gough (1915-1959), a native of Philadelphia (USA), had a life full of unfortunate events that they included a rape and multiple arrests. Holiday stood out in the musical style for his particular timbre of voice.
9- Dizzy Gillespie
John Birks Gillespie, better known as Dizzy Gillespie (1917-1993) was born in South Carolina (USA). He had an outstanding musical career as a jazz trumpeter, singer and songwriter, worked alongside Cab Calloway, and formed a partnership with Charlie Parker.
Dizzy Gillespie entered the international genre scene by becoming one of the first Americans to join the Afro-Cuban jazz movement, created in 1940 by Mario Bauza.
10- Louis Armstrong
Born in New Orleans (USA), Louis Armstrong (1901-1971). He was a trumpeter and singer who established himself as an internationally recognized and enormously influential figure who revolutionized the history of jazz.