On stage Mario Draghi it went up just before 9:30. In front of him the audience of the Rome Med 2021, the forum promoted by the ISPI and the Foreign Ministry which every year attracts important actors and observers of the Mediterranean political context. The prime minister has the responsibility of inaugurating the works that will proceed in the capital until tomorrow.
The Libyan dossier
For Draghi the intervention represented an opportunity to take stock of the situation on the main dossiers concerning Italy and the mare nostrum. Starting from the discourse relating to the Libya. In three weeks the North African country should go to the vote (the conditional is a must) and therefore address one of the main junctions of its recent history.
For the head of the Italian government, the elections “they must be free, fair and inclusive“. In reiterating that Italy is committed to supporting the Libyan transition, Draghi underlined, among other things, the importance of the electoral process and the push offered by this appointment to seek stability not only of Libya but also of the entire region. So much so that a passage of the speech was dedicated to Tunisia.
“We are close to Tunisia – the head of government wanted to declare – as evidenced by the sending of vaccines to tackle the pandemic. We are confident that the country will overcome the current state of emergency and face economic and social emergencies”.
The passage on immigration
When it comes to the Libyan dossier, a reference to the emergency is inevitable immigration. “This year – said Draghi – there were six times more landings than in 2019”, With reference to the further increase of irregular arrivals along our coasts. A situation that according to the prime minister cannot be managed by individual states. “Italy – you always read in his statements – she can’t do it all by herself“. The solution should be sought in a “greater involvement of all European countries, including in the Mediterranean – continued Draghi – Italy continues to promote a European advance towards collective management, in a balance between responsibility and solidarity”.
While on the one hand the importance of resizing the number of landings was stressed, on the other Draghi himself reiterated that he wanted to focus on increasing “legal flows of migrants from the most vulnerable countries, which are a resource and not a threat to our society“. A reference perhaps also to the recent humanitarian corridors that have involved numerous citizens who have fled from Afghanistan.
The immigration dossier is an important passage in the speech of the head of the government also to recall the more general role of the Mediterranean within theEU. “The Mediterranean – clarified the former governor of the ECB – is the center of Europe and not a border“. This is because the mare nostrum “it is not just a sea or a geographical expression – we still read in the statements of Draghi – today as in the past it is a set of social, economic and cultural ties”.
The situation in the Middle East
The prime minister wanted to devote part of the speech to the general situation in the Middle East. First of all, a resumption of dialogue in the Holy Land was hoped for “to restart a path of peace that leads to a two-state solution”.
“As for Israel – said Draghi – let us look carefully at the normalization process of its relations with the Arab world. The recent crises in Gaza demonstrate, once again, the need to restart international efforts in favor of the peace process. A path that must lead to a viable, just and directly negotiated two-state solution between the parties involved”.
A reference was also made to relations with theIran and the current nuclear dialogue. “With Tehran – underlined the prime minister – we maintain a demanding but constructive dialogue, including on nuclear non-proliferation”.
The statements of Luigi Di Maio
The Foreign Minister also spoke on the stage of Rome Med 2021 Luigi Di Maio. Alongside the concerns about the migrant crises and the many dossiers open in the political field, the head of the Farnesina wanted to talk about the energy opportunities that have emerged in recent years. “The discoveries of gas fields in the eastern Mediterranean present concrete opportunities for common growth – reads his statements – The vision of Italy is based on the inclusive value of energy and on the search for solutions that guarantee fair, regulated and sustainable access to these resources”.
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“Landings six times more than in 2019. We cannot do it alone: the EU will help us”