New insights into fermentation enzyme will lower the chemical industry’s carbon footprint

Journal Reference: Kunio Nakata, Naoyuki Miyazaki, Hiroki Yamaguchi, Mika Hirose, Tatsuki Kashiwagi, Nidamarthi H.V. Kutumbarao, Osamu Miyashita, Florence Tama, Hiroshi Miyano, Toshimi Mizukoshi, Kenji Iwasaki. High-resolution structure of phosphoketolase from Bifidobacterium longum determined by cryo-EM single-particle analysis. Journal of Structural Biology, 2022; 214 (2): 107842 DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2022.107842 A technique known as cryogenic electron microscopy (cryo-EM) … Read more

Recipe for valuable chemical improved

Journal Reference: Jincheng Lei, Yu Xie, Alex Kutana, Ksenia V. Bets, Boris I. Yakobson. Salt-Assisted MoS2 Growth: Molecular Mechanisms from the First Principles. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2022; DOI: 10.1021/jacs.2c02497 The theoretical study by Yakobson and colleagues Jincheng Lei, Yu Xie and Alex Kutana, all alumni of his lab, and researcher Ksenia Bets … Read more

Chemical synthesis: Golden wedding for molecules

Journal Reference: Amogh Kinikar, Marco Di Giovannantonio, José I. Urgel, Kristjan Eimre, Zijie Qiu, Yanwei Gu, Enquan Jin, Akimitsu Narita, Xiao-Ye Wang, Klaus Müllen, Pascal Ruffieux, Carlo A. Pignedoli, Roman Fasel. On-surface polyarylene synthesis by cycloaromatization of isopropyl substituents. Nature Synthesis, 2022; 1 (4): 289 DOI: 10.1038/s44160-022-00032-5 When chemists wanted to build such rings in … Read more

Light amplification accelerates chemical reactions in aerosols

Journal Reference: Pablo Corral Arroyo, Grégory David, Peter A. Alpert, Evelyne A. Parmentier, Markus Ammann, Ruth Signorell. Amplification of light within aerosol particles accelerates in-particle photochemistry. Science, 2022; 376 (6590): 293 DOI: 10.1126/science.abm7915 Liquid droplets and very fine particles can trap light — similar to how light can be caught between two mirrors. As a … Read more

Light-powered microbes are super-producing chemical factories

Journal Reference: Yoshihiro Toya, Yoko Hirono-Hara, Hidenobu Hirayama, Kentaro Kamata, Ryo Tanaka, Mikoto Sano, Sayaka Kitamura, Kensuke Otsuka, Rei Abe-Yoshizumi, Satoshi P. Tsunoda, Hiroshi Kikukawa, Hideki Kandori, Hiroshi Shimizu, Fumio Matsuda, Jun Ishii, Kiyotaka Y. Hara. Optogenetic reprogramming of carbon metabolism using light-powering microbial proton pump systems. Metabolic Engineering, 2022; 72: 227 DOI: 10.1016/j.ymben.2022.03.012 In … Read more

Chemical compound promotes healthy ageing, study finds

Journal Reference: Wagner S. Dantas, Elizabeth R.M. Zunica, Elizabeth C. Heintz, Bolormaa Vandanmagsar, Z. Elizabeth Floyd, Yongmei Yu, Hisashi Fujioka, Charles L. Hoppel, Kathryn P. Belmont, Christopher L. Axelrod, John P. Kirwan. Mitochondrial uncoupling attenuates sarcopenic obesity by enhancing skeletal muscle mitophagy and quality control. Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle, 2022; DOI: 10.1002/jcsm.12982 The … Read more

Immune cells produce chemical messenger that prevents heart disease–related inflammation

Journal Reference: Maximilian J. Schloss, Maarten Hulsmans, David Rohde, I-Hsiu Lee, Nicolas Severe, Brody H. Foy, Fadi E. Pulous, Shuang Zhang, Konstantinos D. Kokkaliaris, Vanessa Frodermann, Gabriel Courties, Chongbo Yang, Yoshiko Iwamoto, Anders Steen Knudsen, Cameron S. McAlpine, Masahiro Yamazoe, Stephen P. Schmidt, Gregory R. Wojtkiewicz, Gustavo Santos Masson, Karin Gustafsson, Diane Capen, Dennis Brown, … Read more

Blow flies can be used detect use of chemical weapons, other pollutants

Journal Reference: Sarah N. Dowling, Christine L. Skaggs, Charity G. Owings, Khadija Moctar, Christine J. Picard, Nicholas E. Manicke. Insects as Chemical Sensors: Detection of Chemical Warfare Agent Simulants and Hydrolysis Products in the Blow Fly Using LC-MS/MS. Environmental Science & Technology, 2022; 56 (6): 3535 DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.1c07381 Despite widespread bans, chemical weapons have been … Read more

Chemical found in leafy greens shown to slow growth of COVID-19 and common cold viruses

Journal Reference: Alvaro A. Ordonez, C. Korin Bullen, Andres F. Villabona-Rueda, Elizabeth A. Thompson, Mitchell L. Turner, Vanessa F. Merino, Yu Yan, John Kim, Stephanie L. Davis, Oliver Komm, Jonathan D. Powell, Franco R. D’Alessio, Robert H. Yolken, Sanjay K. Jain, Lorraine Jones-Brando. Sulforaphane exhibits antiviral activity against pandemic SARS-CoV-2 and seasonal HCoV-OC43 coronaviruses in … Read more

Exposure to phthalates — the ‘in every single place chemical’ — may increase children’s cancer risk

Exposure to phthalates — the ‘in every single place chemical’ — may increase children’s cancer risk – NovLink Home Mash B Exposure to phthalates — the ‘in every single place chemical’ — may increase children’s cancer risk We want to thank the writer of this write-up for this amazing web content Exposure to phthalates — … Read more

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