Exotic magnetic structures created with laser light

Journal Reference: Emil Viñas Boström, Angel Rubio, Claudio Verdozzi. Microscopic theory of light-induced ultrafast skyrmion excitation in transition metal films. npj Computational Materials, 2022; 8 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41524-022-00735-5 Magnetic skyrmions are sometimes described as magnetic vortices. Unlike ferromagnetic states — which occur in conventional magnets such as compasses and refrigerator magnets — the skyrmion state … Read more

Water processing: Light helps degrade hormones

Journal Reference: Shabnam Lotfi, Kristina Fischer, Agnes Schulze, Andrea I. Schäfer. Photocatalytic degradation of steroid hormone micropollutants by TiO2-coated polyethersulfone membranes in a continuous flow-through process. Nature Nanotechnology, 2022; 17 (4): 417 DOI: 10.1038/s41565-022-01074-8 Wherever people are living, hormones used in e.g. contraceptives or agriculture enter the wastewater. Steroid hormones, such as sex hormones and … Read more

Netflix new No. 1 movies shines a light on Abercrombie & Fitch’s terrible behavior

Netflix new No 1 movies shines a light on Abercrombie

The new No. 1 movie on Netflix is practically made just for everyone who was a teen in the early 2000’s. That moment feels like a lifetime ago, though, so we’re not at all surprised that a lot of people are hitting play on White Hot: The Rise & Fall of Abercrombie & Fitch. The … Read more

Hubble sheds light on origins of supermassive black holes

Journal Reference: S. Fujimoto, G. B. Brammer, D. Watson, G. E. Magdis, V. Kokorev, T. R. Greve, S. Toft, F. Walter, R. Valiante, M. Ginolfi, R. Schneider, F. Valentino, L. Colina, M. Vestergaard, R. Marques-Chaves, J. P. U. Fynbo, M. Krips, C. L. Steinhardt, I. Cortzen, F. Rizzo, P. A. Oesch. A dusty compact object … Read more

New research sheds fresh light on the ‘presenteeism’

Journal Reference: Wladislaw Rivkin, Stefan Diestel, Fabiola H. Gerpott, Dana Unger. Should I stay or should I go? The role of daily presenteeism as an adaptive response to perform at work despite somatic complaints for employee effectiveness.. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 2022; DOI: 10.1037/ocp0000322 The study, published in the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology … Read more

Light amplification accelerates chemical reactions in aerosols

Journal Reference: Pablo Corral Arroyo, Grégory David, Peter A. Alpert, Evelyne A. Parmentier, Markus Ammann, Ruth Signorell. Amplification of light within aerosol particles accelerates in-particle photochemistry. Science, 2022; 376 (6590): 293 DOI: 10.1126/science.abm7915 Liquid droplets and very fine particles can trap light — similar to how light can be caught between two mirrors. As a … Read more

Researchers generate high-quality quantum light with modular waveguide device

Journal Reference: Kan Takase, Akito Kawasaki, Byung Kyu Jeong, Mamoru Endo, Takahiro Kashiwazaki, Takushi Kazama, Koji Enbutsu, Kei Watanabe, Takeshi Umeki, Shigehito Miki, Hirotaka Terai, Masahiro Yabuno, Fumihiro China, Warit Asavanant, Jun-ichi Yoshikawa, Akira Furusawa. Generation of Schrödinger cat states with Wigner negativity using a continuous-wave low-loss waveguide optical parametric amplifier. Optics Express, 2022; 30 … Read more

Shedding new light on controlling material properties

Journal Reference: K. Uchida, G. Mattoni, S. Yonezawa, F. Nakamura, Y. Maeno, K. Tanaka. High-Order Harmonic Generation and Its Unconventional Scaling Law in the Mott-Insulating Ca2RuO4. Physical Review Letters, 2022; 128 (12) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.128.127401 A team consisting of researchers at Kyoto University and Kurume Institute of Technology have discovered a scaling law that determines high-order … Read more

Engineering the quantum states in solids using light

Journal Reference: Sein Park, Wonjun Lee, Seong Jang, Yong-Bin Choi, Jinho Park, Woochan Jung, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Gil Young Cho, Gil-Ho Lee. Steady Floquet–Andreev states in graphene Josephson junctions. Nature, 2022; 603 (7901): 421 DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-04364-8 Recognized for developing a platform to control and measure the properties of materials in various ways with light, … Read more

Lottery luck in the light of physics: Researchers present theory on the dynamics of many-particle systems

Journal Reference: Matthias Schmidt. Power functional theory for many-body dynamics. Reviews of Modern Physics, 2022; 94 (1) DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.015007 A many-particle system is in thermal equilibrium when the temperature in its interior is balanced and no heat flows take place. This does not necessarily mean that the system is in a rigid state of rest. … Read more