Cheaper solar cells could be on the way thanks to new materials

Journal Reference: Zhen Li, Bo Li, Xin Wu, Stephanie A. Sheppard, Shoufeng Zhang, Danpeng Gao, Nicholas J. Long, Zonglong Zhu. Organometallic-functionalized interfaces for highly efficient inverted perovskite solar cells. Science, 2022; 376 (6591): 416 DOI: 10.1126/science.abm8566 Traditional solar cells are made from silicon, which has good efficiency and stability, but is relatively expensive to make … Read more

Lasers trigger magnetism in atomically thin quantum materials

Journal Reference: Xi Wang, Chengxin Xiao, Heonjoon Park, Jiayi Zhu, Chong Wang, Takashi Taniguchi, Kenji Watanabe, Jiaqiang Yan, Di Xiao, Daniel R. Gamelin, Wang Yao, Xiaodong Xu. Light-induced ferromagnetism in moiré superlattices. Nature, 2022; 604 (7906): 468 DOI: 10.1038/s41586-022-04472-z The experiment, led by scientists at the University of Washington and the University of Hong Kong, … Read more

New polymer materials make fabricating optical interconnects easier

Journal Reference: Julie I. Frish, Tristan S. Kleine, Roland Himmelhuber, Sasaan Showghi, Abhinav Nishant, Kyung-Jo Kim, Linan Jiang, Kaitlyn P. Martin, Lars Brusberg, Stanley Pau, Thomas L. Koch, Jeffrey Pyun, Robert A. Norwood. Rapid photolithographic fabrication of high density optical interconnects using refractive index contrast polymers. Optical Materials Express, 2022; 12 (5): 1932 DOI: 10.1364/OME.454195 … Read more

New discovery in animal exoskeletons leads to advances in designing construction materials

Journal Reference: Wei Wang, Shu Jian Chen, Weiqiang Chen, Wenhui Duan, Jia Zie Lai, Kwesi Sagoe-Crentsil. Damage-tolerant material design motif derived from asymmetrical rotation. Nature Communications, 2022; 13 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-28991-5 In a paper published in Nature Communications, Professor Wenhui Duan from the Department of Civil Engineering at Monash University says the new pattern, adding … Read more

When a band falls flat: Searching for flatness in materials

Journal Reference: Nicolas Regnault, Yuanfeng Xu, Ming-Rui Li, Da-Shuai Ma, Milena Jovanovic, Ali Yazdani, Stuart S. P. Parkin, Claudia Felser, Leslie M. Schoop, N. Phuan Ong, Robert J. Cava, Luis Elcoro, Zhi-Da Song, B. Andrei Bernevig. Catalogue of flat-band stoichiometric materials. Nature, 2022; 603 (7903): 824 DOI: 10.1038/s41586-022-04519-1 From now on, the creation of such … Read more

‘Self-driving’ lab speeds up analysis, synthesis of energy materials

Journal Reference: Fazel Bateni, Robert W. Epps, Kameel Antami, Rokas Dargis, Jeffery A. Bennett, Kristofer G. Reyes, Milad Abolhasani. Autonomous Nanocrystal Doping by Self‐Driving Fluidic Micro‐Processors. Advanced Intelligent Systems, 2022; 2200017 DOI: 10.1002/aisy.202200017 “We’ve created a self-driving laboratory that can be used to advance both fundamental nanoscience and applied engineering,” says Milad Abolhasani, corresponding author … Read more

Materials scientists finding solutions to biggest hurdle for solar cell technology

Journal Reference: Shaun Tan, Tianyi Huang, Ilhan Yavuz, Rui Wang, Tae Woong Yoon, Mingjie Xu, Qiyu Xing, Keonwoo Park, Do-Kyoung Lee, Chung-Hao Chen, Ran Zheng, Taegeun Yoon, Yepin Zhao, Hao-Cheng Wang, Dong Meng, Jingjing Xue, Young Jae Song, Xiaoqing Pan, Nam-Gyu Park, Jin-Wook Lee, Yang Yang. Stability-limiting heterointerfaces of perovskite photovoltaics. Nature, 2022; DOI: 10.1038/s41586-022-04604-5 … Read more

New strategy for designing thermoelectric materials

Journal Reference: Isao Ohkubo, Takao Mori. Rational Design of 3d Transition-Metal Compounds for Thermoelectric Properties by Using Periodic Trends in Electron-Correlation Modulation. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2022; 144 (8): 3590 DOI: 10.1021/jacs.1c12520 Thermoelectric conversion is a viable means of harvesting energy to help achieve a low carbon economy and supply electricity to IoT … Read more

On the hunt for ultra-thin materials using data mining

Journal Reference: Rico Friedrich, Mahdi Ghorbani-Asl, Stefano Curtarolo, Arkady V. Krasheninnikov. Data-Driven Quest for Two-Dimensional Non-van der Waals Materials. Nano Letters, 2022; 22 (3): 989 DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c03841 There is a substantial difference between conventional 2D materials such as graphene and the novel materials that can be synthesized from metal oxides such as ilmenite and chromite. … Read more

Selecting the right structural materials for fusion reactors

Journal Reference: Masatoshi Kondo, Susumu Hatakeyama, Naoko Oono, Takashi Nozawa. Corrosion-resistant materials for liquid LiPb fusion blanket in elevated temperature operation. Corrosion Science, 2022; 197: 110070 DOI: 10.1016/j.corsci.2021.110070 Fusion reactors could be a powerful means of generating clean electricity and currently, several potential designs are being explored. In a fusion reactor, the fusion of two … Read more