Two DNA defense systems behind resilience of 7th cholera pandemic

Journal Reference: Milena Jaskólska, David W. Adams, Melanie Blokesch. Two defence systems eliminate plasmids from seventh pandemic Vibrio cholerae. Nature, 2022; DOI: 10.1038/s41586-022-04546-y Cholera is still a problem, especially in less-developed or crisis-hit regions. The WHO reports that the ongoing seventh cholera pandemic is still responsible for up to four million infections, and up to … Read more

Toward high-powered telecommunication systems

Journal Reference: Amirhassan Shams-Ansari, Dylan Renaud, Rebecca Cheng, Linbo Shao, Lingyan He, Di Zhu, Mengjie Yu, Hannah R. Grant, Leif Johansson, Mian Zhang, Marko Lončar. Electrically pumped laser transmitter integrated on thin-film lithium niobate. Optica, 2022; 9 (4): 408 DOI: 10.1364/OPTICA.448617 Long haul telecommunication networks, data center optical interconnects, and microwave photonic systems all rely … Read more

Lottery luck in the light of physics: Researchers present theory on the dynamics of many-particle systems

Journal Reference: Matthias Schmidt. Power functional theory for many-body dynamics. Reviews of Modern Physics, 2022; 94 (1) DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.015007 A many-particle system is in thermal equilibrium when the temperature in its interior is balanced and no heat flows take place. This does not necessarily mean that the system is in a rigid state of rest. … Read more

Optimizer tool designs, evaluates, maximizes solar-powered cooling systems

Journal Reference: N. Saravanan, M. Edwin. Optimization and experimental analysis of a solar powered adsorption refrigeration system using selective adsorbent/adsorbate pairs. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 2022; 14 (2): 023702 DOI: 10.1063/5.0076645 In the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, by AIP Publishing, researchers from Anna University in India developed an optimizer tool to … Read more

Nuclear power may be the key to least-cost, zero-emission electricity systems

Journal Reference: Lei Duan, Robert Petroski, Lowell Wood, Ken Caldeira. Stylized least-cost analysis of flexible nuclear power in deeply decarbonized electricity systems considering wind and solar resources worldwide. Nature Energy, 2022; DOI: 10.1038/s41560-022-00979-x Human activity is spewing carbon pollution into the atmosphere, affecting the global carbon cycle and causing warming, as well as altered precipitation … Read more

Algorithm helps artificial intelligence systems dodge ‘adversarial’ inputs

Journal Reference: Michael Everett, Bjorn Lutjens, Jonathan P. How. Certifiable Robustness to Adversarial State Uncertainty in Deep Reinforcement Learning. IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems, 2021; 1 DOI: 10.1109/TNNLS.2021.3056046 Take collision avoidance systems in self-driving cars. If visual input to on-board cameras could be trusted entirely, an AI system could directly map that … Read more

Combined heat and power as a platform for clean energy systems

Journal Reference: Marilyn A. Brown, Valentina Sanmiguel Herrera. Combined heat and power as a platform for clean energy systems. Applied Energy, 2021; 304: 117686 DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.117686 The paper, digitally available now and in print on December 15 in the journal Applied Energy, finds that CHP — or cogeneration — could measurably reduce Georgia’s carbon footprint … Read more

Improving perceptions of emerging technologies can help ease strain on health-care systems

Improving perceptions of emerging technologies can help ease strain on health-care systems – NovLink Home Mash T Improving perceptions of emerging technologies can help ease strain on health-care systems We wish to thank the author of this article for this incredible web content Improving perceptions of emerging technologies can help ease strain on health-care systems

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